Wig Making Mastery: How Is a Wig Made & What Are Wigs Made Out Of?

Written by: Christina Jones



Time to read 8 min

A woman looking at human hair wigs

The Secrets of Wig Making: Exploring How Wigs Are Made and the Materials That Define Style, Comfort, and Durability

Wigs have evolved into a versatile fashion and medical necessity, offering diverse styles and comfort. The secret behind their appeal and functionality lies in the materials used in their construction. 

Advanced Aspects of Wig Production:

  • Raw Material Sourcing: The quality of wigs starts with the sourcing of raw materials. While human hair is often sourced from countries like India and China, synthetic fibers are made from various types of high-quality plastics. The sourcing process is crucial to ensure the hair's quality and ethical practices.

  • Hair Treatment and Coloring:
    Post-collection, human hair undergoes rigorous cleaning, sorting, and sometimes dyeing processes. The hair is treated to maintain its natural look and feel, and when coloring is necessary, it is done so with care to ensure longevity and natural appearance. This process is especially delicate for human hair to maintain its integrity.

  • Cap Design Innovations:
    Recent innovations in cap design focus on enhancing wearer comfort and the natural appearance of the wig. Innovations include lightweight materials, adjustable straps, and specialized cap constructions like lace fronts and monofilament tops that offer a realistic hairline and scalp appearance.

  • Technological Integration:
    The wig industry has begun integrating technology to improve the fitting and customization process. 3D scanning and modeling are used to create caps that perfectly fit the wearer’s head, ensuring comfort and a natural look. This technology is particularly beneficial for custom wigs designed for medical patients.

  • Sustainable Practices
    The wig industry is increasingly focusing on sustainability, with efforts to use ethically sourced materials and minimize waste in the production process. This includes recycling programs for synthetic wigs and sustainable sourcing of human hair.

  • Quality Control and Ethics:
    Ensuring ethical practices in the wig-making industry is of utmost importance. This involves fair compensation for hair donors, ethical labor practices in factories, and quality control measures to ensure that the final product is safe and reliable for consumers.

  • Customization for Diverse Needs:
    Customization is a key aspect of modern wig making, catering to a diverse range of customer needs, including different hair textures, colors, and styles. This process is essential to accommodate different cultural preferences and individual needs, including wigs for medical patients with specific requirements.

Wig Production at The Wig Company

With over five decades of leadership in women's wigs, we manufacture our products directly to provide you with unmatched quality. Choose from our exclusive TWC brands and renowned premium brands like Gabor® and Raquel Welch, offering fine materials, created to meet the highest standards of quality, innovation, and style.

Have more questions? Reach out to our wig connoisseur Christina Jones at askchristina@thewigcompany.com or follow @thehairyoulove on Instagram. No question will go unanswered. Christina is your go-to source for all things wigs.

Two women hugging and holding long haired wigs in their hand

Understanding Wig Cap Constructions:

The foundation of any wig is its cap, and various constructions cater to different needs. The Wig Company highlights several types, including caplessmonofilament, and hand-tied constructions, each offering unique benefits such as a lightweight design, natural appearance, and comfort for sensitive scalps. You can also learn more about wig cap constructions here

Wig Cap Constructions and Wig Ventilation:

  • Hand-Tied Caps: each hair strand is individually tied to the cap, resulting in a natural look and feel. Hand-tied caps are particularly suitable for sensitive scalps and those experiencing total hair loss, offering superior comfort and a smooth surface. This type of cap construction is regarded as the most comfortable, mimicking the natural growth of hair and providing a realistic appearance.
  • Wefted Caps: strands of hair (wefts) are sewn onto a cap in rows. This construction is cost-effective and offers a variety of popular styles. Wefted wigs can have different areas covered by other materials to create a more natural appearance. While wefted wigs are less expensive, they may not provide the same level of realism and comfort as hand-tied caps.
  • Monofilament Tops: involve individual hairs being hand-tied to a lace material, allowing for natural hair movement and versatile styling. Monofilament wigs are breathable and offer a realistic scalp appearance, making them a good choice for those with sensitive scalps or hair loss.
  • Lace Fronts: create a natural-looking hairline, with hairs hand-tied to a fine lace at the front of the wig. This construction allows for styling the hair away from the face and is ideal for those with complete hair loss or receding hairlines. The lace material is breathable and provides a natural sparse hairline that gradually gets thicker.
  • Silk Tops: considered the most realistic in terms of mimicking a natural scalp. They are recommended for beginners or those in the early stages of hair loss. However, they can feel warmer and thicker compared to other materials due to the multiple layers required to create the silk top.
Wig on a display with a magnifying glass looking at it

Hair Selection and Attachment:

The choice of hair—be it human or synthetic—significantly influences the wig's look and feel. Human hair is prized for its natural appearance and durability, while synthetic hair offers ease of maintenance and affordability. The attachment technique, whether knotting or ventilating, is crucial for even distribution and a natural look.

Synthetic vs. Human Hair: Wig materials mainly fall into two categories: synthetic fibers and human hair.

What is synthetic hair made of?

Synthetic wigs are made from materials like acrylic and nylon, are budget-friendly and come in a variety of colors. However, their lifespan is shorter, and they lack the versatility in styling compared to human hair wigs
On the other hand, human hair wigs offer a natural look and feel, and greater durability, but require more maintenance and are generally more expensive.

Blended Wigs - The Best of Both Worlds: A rising trend in wig making is the blending of human hair with synthetic fibers. These wigs combine the realistic appearance of human hair with the affordability of synthetic wigs. While they offer a balanced solution, it's crucial to choose reliable suppliers to avoid quality issues.

Choosing the Right Wig Material: When selecting a wig, consider factors such as budget, desired style, and comfort. For those who prioritize natural appearance and versatility, human hair wigs are ideal. However, for budget-conscious individuals or those seeking a variety of styles, synthetic wigs are a more suitable choice. Blended wigs can serve as a middle ground, offering a compromise between quality and cost.

Synthetic Wigs from The Wig Company:

Human Hair Wigs from The Wig Company:

Educational and Support Services:


Consider your lifestyle, needs, and personal style when choosing between synthetic and human hair wigs. Consult The Wig Company's selection to find a wig that balances practicality with your aesthetic desires.

By staying vigilant and caring for your wig with these steps, you'll enjoy a head full of beautiful, lifelike hair for as long as possible.

Embrace these steps, and you'll not only spot the signs of aging in your wig but also prevent them from appearing prematurely. With Christina Jones, and The Wig Company, by your side, your journey with wigs can be one of enduring beauty and satisfaction.

Future Trends:


The wig industry is continually evolving, with future trends likely to include more advanced customization options, further integration of technology, and a stronger emphasis on sustainable and ethical practices.

Final Considerations and Consultation:


In summary, the construction and materials of a wig determine not only its appearance but also its comfort and suitability for different types of hair loss. Understanding these nuances is key to selecting or creating a wig that meets specific needs and preferences, ensuring both a natural look and comfortable wear. By considering factors like appearance, durability, and cost, one can make informed decisions that best suit their needs and preferences.

The Author: Christina Jones

Recognized as THE Wig Expert at The Wig Company. My fascination with wigs began at age 6 when I wielded scissors on Barbie's head. Since then, I've immersed myself in the world of wigs, utilizing my hairstylist background to explore endless possibilities. Now, I have the privilege of sharing my knowledge with you!

Engaging with remarkable women who embody bravery, courage, and beauty has been invaluable. I am humbled to meet each and every one of you and provide assistance in any way possible. 

Frequently Asked Questions

How can I tell if a wig is of good quality?

To ensure a wig is good quality, consider the brand and customer reviews. A brand’s longevity and collection of products can be a good indicator on quality. Good quality wigs come in all shapes, sizes, colors, and even prices. Added features like lace and monofilament are upgrades to a wig that add more hand finished details. 

Which brands are known for high-quality wigs?

All our brands have high-quality wigs in all price ranges. Our premium brands tend to use higher quality materials and designs making them the highest quality.

Is it safe to wear a wig every day?

Wearing a wig every day is completely safe. If you choose to add tapes or adhesives to your skin and wig, proper care is recommended. If you feel sensitivity or discomfort, avoid adding tape or adhesive and allow your scalp to breathe.

How can I restore a synthetic wig that has become frizzy?

With regular synthetic wigs use a wig steamer and a round brush to smooth. With heat-friendly synthetic, use a boar bristle brush and blow dry in thin sections. For extreme damage smooth heat-friendly synthetic hair with a flat iron once dry.

How do I repair minor damage or shedding in my wig?

Minor damage and shedding can be repaired by gently washing and combing through your wig.

How do I wash and care for my wig?

Washing your wig is easy. Fill your sink with water and add a capful of shampoo. Mix and soak a synthetic wig for 5 min or hold and dip a human hair wig to cleanse. Do not soak human hair as it can create matting and tangles. Avoid putting leave-in conditioner or regular conditioner to the root or base of the wig. Allow hair to hair dry or use a blow dryer on human hair.

How often should I replace my wig?

Synthetic wigs typically last 3-6 months and human hair lasts anywhere from 6 months to a year. After continuous wear, wig hair and fibers begin to look dull and damaged and replacing with a new one is recommended. Depending on wear and care, your wigs can last much longer or even less.

How should I store my wig to keep its shape and longevity?

Using a folding wig stand or turning inside out and placing it in the original wig box is the best way to store and maintain your wig. There are other head forms made of canvas or Styrofoam that are also great for storing wigs that are styled and you do not want to disrupt.

How often should I wash my wig?

We recommend washing your wig every 6-8 wears or once every other week if you wear it daily. If your wig looks and feels stiff and dull, it might be time to wash it.